A web developer earns about 3-4LPA and $74k per year in the USA. In this article, I’ll tell you how to become a web developer in 2021.
Is web development dying?
Definitely NO. It is one of the most in-demand skills existing.
New to web development? No worries. Let me introduce you to web development.
Before that, you should know these things before you learn web development.
Know this before you enter as a Web Developer in 2021
1. Ways to learn
A college isn’t the only way to learn to code. It isn’t even a recommendation anymore.
There are many sources to learn web development like YouTube, boot camps, blogs, and more.
2. A lot of research
You will need to know that you will be googling solutions to find some solutions for problems or to learn new things.
You can save a lot of time if you know how to google properly.
Also remember: if you are googling solutions, then you are growing; and that’s completely alright.
3. Don’t learn everything
Beginner’s think that they need to know all about data structures and algorithms, and coding overall if they need to land a job as a junior developer.
But that’s not true. You need not learn everything; go steady and slow. Learn what is important.
4. Don’t memorize things
Memorizing things is a counterproductive approach and not a good idea at all.
5. Imposter syndrome
You might feel like you are not doing well with your job or you aren’t a good fit. But remember, every developer feels the same at some point.
Programming is a way or a path that will never end. So you will always learn. You are never going to fail.
Always compliment yourself and find new opportunities.
HOW TO BECOME A WEB DEVELOPER IN 2021?
Let’s see who is a web developer first.
Who is a Web Developer?
Web Development is something that happens behind the scenes of a website. All of this is done by web developers.
They are the people who write code to make the website run fast, perform better, look good, etc.
Web developers use different computer languages for different purposes. We’ll discuss in-depth about it now.
Before that, it’s important for you to know that there are three types of web developers.
1. Front-End Developer or a Web Designer
A front-end developer can also be called as web designer because he/she is responsible for the look and feel of a website.
He/she designs the website. For example, the colors, font, UI/UX, etc. in a website are designed by a front-end developer.
So what are the skills required to become a front-end developer?
HTML – Structure of a website
HTML or HyperText Markup Language is used to build the structure of a website.
Just like how a human body has a structure; a skeleton, in the same way a website also has a structure.
A web developer uses this markup language to build the structure. This is the first thing I would recommend you to learn if you want to become a web developer or front-end developer.
- Controls the layout of the content
- Provides structure for the web page design.
- The fundamental building block of any web page.
CSS – Cascading style sheets
A markup language used to style the websites. Just like a human skeleton has skin, face, and other features, even a website has a look.
That look or style is designed using CSS. The font, colors to be used, shadows etc are designed by front-end web developers.
A lot of companies ask about how many frameworks you know as a web developer. So if you want to become a web developer in 2021, then frameworks are the most important part.
A framework is basically a platform for developing specific-software applications.
There are a lot of JS frameworks you can use for both front-end and back-end web development.
Some of the best JS frameworks are React JS, Angular JS, JQuery, etc.
Also, learning CSS frameworks like Bootstrap, Bulma, Semantic etc.
If you get confused between HTML, CSS, and JS, and any one of these languages is enough for you to build a website, then let me clear the things out for you.
Well, a website can be made using HTML only. But without HTML, you cannot make a website. Without CSS, you cannot style the website.
2. Back-End Developer
A Back-End developer s a server-side developer. He/she will mainly focus on Databases, Servers, APIs, and more.
The main difference between a Back-End developer and a Front-End developer is that Front-end is the visual part of the website and the back-end is the architecture of a website.
So what are the skills required to become a back-end developer?
Well, there are a lot of languages used for back-end purposes but we will see a few popular ones.
Python is a great language to choose from if you want to learn back-end. For this, you will have to learn the Django library.
PHP, which can be also called Hypertext Preprocessor, is used by a huge number of companies today. It is the best tool for server scripting.
Other languages like Java, jQuery, Ruby also can be used but the above ones are being used by a lot of developers today.
SQL (Structured Query Language)
SQL allows programmers to insert records easily, create new tables, queries against a database, and even establish permissions on those tables and procedures.
Full Stack Web Developer in 2021
A full-stack developer is someone who knows both front-end and back-end development.
I assume you know how to become a web developer in 2021 now. Let me know your thoughts in the comment section.